May 22, 2016 § 2 Comments
Many moons ago, I asked my good friend Mike Lewis to design a webpage for me. He is an excellent graphic designer and created a beautiful page. It was a simple static page with links to the various aspects of Dove Street Pottery, such as the blog and shop. It was always supposed to be a temporary measure, and, for a long time, I understood that what I really needed was more of a one-stop site where interested parties could get an overview of what I was doing.
So, one of the first jobs that I gave to Joseph, after he had settled in a bit, was to work on putting together a new website. My partner, Claire Wellesley-Smith, uses squarespace.com for her site and said good things about it, so we didn’t look any further. Joseph has done a fantastic job. There are bits and pieces that need tweaking but we felt that it was better to get something up and added to it later. Having everything in one place and easy to access is the key, especially clear images of all the pots that we make. Allowing people to see the range of our pots, I am hoping, is going to make a big difference.
We had one quite difficult decision to take, though – what to do with the blog, The Hopeful Potter. Did we leave it where it was and start afresh? Did we just end the blog? Did we keep the name? It was quite tricky. I am posting less often than I used to do but I really enjoy writing the blog and it has charted my every pottery thought for the last 5 years. It appears that I was clear and decisive from the very first post regarding the trajectory that I wanted to take. I wanted to throw and I wanted to make functional ware – nothing has changed since then. But lots has changed otherwise. Some statements of the obvious – I feel like I am in a very different place now, my skill level is considerably higher, my experience immeasurably deeper. It may seem a strange thing to say but I am only just beginning to ‘enjoy’, ‘get satisfaction out of’ making pots. I feel that while one is learning it is extremely hard to ‘enjoy’ making pottery. I have felt a deep drive to do so but the satisfaction in it has been hard won. I always fell short of that pot that I wanted to make, that ideal version in my mind’s eye. I always failed. By the very nature of learning to do something difficult this always had to be the case, it always had (has) to be this way. It is extremely hard to come back to the wheel week after week, you have to have so much faith that it will eventually come good, that your fingertips will learn. This is the essence of ‘the hopeful potter’; it is an ever-present and ever-lasting state. Every day I say to myself, ‘If I can make these pots today, what will the pots that I make in a year be like?’. I am beginning to see that something might be possible.
I have never wanted to make OK pots – the striving has always been to make the best pot that I possibly can. Two things relating to this. Fleur Grenier said something interesting in this month’s Craft & Design magazine. She said ‘I think it can be very easy to be safe and comfortable with your work. This can become very boring not only for yourself but for customers who regularly see your work at shows or in galleries’. Challenge yourself constantly. The second is David Pye‘s well-known writing on the theory of workmanship in The Nature and Art of Workmanship. He writes about machine-made objects being made by the workmanship of certainty, where you are guaranteed a result every time. Hand-made objects, he says, on the other hand, are made by the workmanship of risk – they are taken to the edge of failure every time. They have to teeter precariously on the edge but this is the only place of life and vitality. It is a dangerous place to live, yet, ultimately, a deeply rewarding one.
I am going to post this post on The Hopeful Potter site as well as this one. It will be a concluding post on that site and then all subsequent posts will continue here (on dovestpottery.co.uk). Be hopeful, be ever hopeful.
March 7, 2016 § 4 Comments
Last summer, Joseph Fuller came to work in the workshop. He has been an invaluable asset. In many ways, two are better than one. He comes from a Fine Art background, like I do, and has an astute and well-trained eye. He is also curious and conscientious, two important traits for any aspiring potter. We talk constantly about the development of DSP – how to refine it, define it and evolve it. Having Joseph in the workshop has allowed the space for this to happen. Before he came, I was throwing, glazing, wrapping, emailing, marketing, just about hanging in there – the normal state of affairs for a potter. This is fine but allows little time or space for the developmental aspect of the business, so fundamental to the vibrancy of a healthy pottery. I could concentrate on the standard pieces but little else.
I was aware that this was the case but found I was unable to do much about it, an exceedingly frustrating experience. Now, Joseph takes care of the glazing (including glaze experiments) and packing, some admin, and much else. I can focus predominately on throwing, which, given the increased time, is, I hope, improving. Having two heads in the workshop all the time means that we talk regularly about how to take the business forward and we are in a much better position, now that he is here, to be able to make that happen.
Two conversations I have had with other people have also been profound and affecting. One took place at a show last year and the other just last weekend. The show, for me, had been a curiously flat affair. We took reasonable sales, really fairly good sales, in fact, but during the show and after I felt oddly dissatisfied, yet was unable to pinpoint exactly why. Asked by one particular maker how it had gone, I replied that I thought that something had been missing. We discussed it further and then he said to me “Are you sure it was the show? Could it be something that you are doing?”. Something I am doing?! The cheek, I thought!
The second conversation was with a fashion designer, who I enjoy talking to about his work. I asked him how things were going and he told me about how he had been designing products which would help him market his next collection. He spoke about needing special pieces, ‘key’ pieces, that call attention to the brand. When actually placing orders, shops usually take the basic range, plus a few extras, but you need the calling card pieces to give the brand personality and life. As I was listening to him, I was thinking about how this would translate to DSP.
I think the comparison with a fashion brand is an apt and appropriate one – that model is a good one. We, too, have ‘basics’, these are the plates, bowls, mugs, beakers etc. – but, I feel, what has been missing from DSP are the ‘key’ pieces that bring the brand alive. The maker from the show had been absolutely right – there had been nothing wrong with the fair; quite the opposite, it was dynamic and vibrant. DSP has done the ‘basics’ reasonably well but, on reflection, that was really all there was, which after a while is only remotely interesting. That was the reason that the show felt flat. Putting these two conversations together has been totally enlightening and invigorating. A pottery needs ‘key’ pieces; it needs pots that grab people’s attention. But, like in the fashion industry, that attention needs to be regularly tweaked; maybe not seasonally, but it definitely needs tweaking and tweaking hard.
So, Joseph and I have a resolution for this coming year: to add ambition and daring to the collection.
December 30, 2015 § 6 Comments
This Christmas, I was hoping to receive a copy of The White Road by Edmund de Waal. I had been told when it was first published that perhaps I should hold off buying a copy. In the meantime, I came across a couple of reviews, which gave it qualified praise. They put me off slightly, it has to be said, so I put the wish to one side. It didn’t arrive in my stocking nor from under the tree but I was excited to receive The Wrench, and all was good. Opening a present late on the Christmas day, from my partner’s parents, did reveal a copy of The White Road, and I was extremely grateful.
I haven’t put it down since.
I have no idea whether it would appeal to a reader who had no interest in clay or material or process – the general reader. I somehow doubt it, to be honest. It is a very particular book about the discovery of porcelain. I am finding it fascinating, exciting, gripping. It is shedding light on an area I knew little about. But, as always with these things, I suppose, what I am finding most engaging are the passages about pottery itself, making, de Waal’s own making. And the words that penetrate deepest are those resonant of struggle.
“This answers my question of how you make a living when things go so wrong, so often. You work even harder. You make more, and then you make some more.”
“So many thousands and thousands of pots that haven’t worked, each saggar that cracks needing to be made again, each stack of tea bowls that warp another few hours of effort to bank, another part of a day lost.”
This is the life of a workshop. And it’s an odd, counter-cultural place to embed oneself. It is confrontational. It is attritional. It is demanding. It requires resilience. But from where do we acquire resilience? In the middle of the twenty-first century’s second decade, resilience is a precious commodity. There is little encouragement towards tenacity. There are no jobs for life; we flit here and there across social media; wikipedia has all the answers. What do we do when it starts getting hard? How do we stick at it?
In our pick-and-mix culture there are so many things we can choose from. Suck it and see; discard, move on; try another. We live horizontal lives, skimming the surface, bobbing about in the shallows. To get good at something, though – not passably good, not acceptable, but really, really good – one needs to live a vertical life, with depth, persistence, determination.
In this light, there is something assuaging reading de Waal’s book. Resilience doesn’t come from situating oneself in one’s own age but by embracing the arc of ceramic history. Each bowl made stretches back a thousand years and is held by every potter. There is great strength, and comfort, in these linked hands.
November 10, 2015 § 8 Comments
Inspiration for writing posts on this blog often comes from books I have been reading; this post is no exception. The book I have been reading is called Inside the O’Briens by Lisa Genova. I wonder how many of you have heard of it.
Next year I will have been making pots for 5 years and I am really still towards the beginning of my making life. I have been utterly driven and single-minded from the start. This is partly because I have come at it quite late, aged 42 when I first touched clay, and feel like I don’t have a moment to lose. I have reached this point through a rather circuitous route, although there has been a strong creative bent throughout. I am finally in a place where that creativity has coalesced, and it feels good. A number of people have asked me along the way what the hurry is – this is partly it.
It is also, though, partly related to the book that Lisa Genova has recently published. Genova used to work as a neuroscientist and is now a novelist. Her explicit intention for becoming a writer instead of remaining a scientist is the raising awareness of neurological diseases. Genova has spoken of the fact that as a novelist she can reach and affect millions of people. Her first book, called Still Alice, made into a popular film, was about a woman with Alzheimer’s. Her second book, Inside the O’Briens, is about a man with Huntington’s Disease. As a scientist, Genova comes at it from a factual perspective, which she weaves her story around. A man, called Joe, discovers he has a disease called Huntington’s Disease (HD) and we witness the ramifications that this has upon his family. It is written to be a page-turner and to be gripping, and it is both of these.
HD is a rare, hereditary disease where an individual gets passed a faulty chromosome from an affected parent. The mutated chromosome repeats itself resulting in the diagnosis of the disease. Symptoms are cognitive and physical – amongst other things, chorea (dancing, jerky movements), depression, altered mood, impaired reasoning and decision-making abilities. Onset of symptoms is certain, usually beginning between the ages of 35 and 45. Once the symptoms have begun, it is degenerative.
I have Huntington’s Disease. I have known since 2000, when I took a test to discover if I was gene positive or negative. I was passed the faulty gene from my father. All decisions that I have taken from that date can be viewed in light of this information. It is a question everyone asks themselves, ‘What am I going to do with my life?’ but when you know that ahead of you, immovable, is a degenerative disease with no cure, it brings everything into focus. What motivates each of us is a fascinating question.
My imperative on deciding to become a potter was to be the best possible potter I could be in the shortest possible time. Every hour at the wheel counted. I put myself on the line again and again, applying for opportunities beyond my level of skill or experience. Having not made a ‘success’ of things up to this time, I was determined to have a successful pottery business.
So, this last year has been unbelievable for a number of reasons, including four or five wonderful opportunities, all of which came at the beginning of the year, including being commissioned to make a bespoke range of pots, in response to the sculptures of Barbara Hepworth, by Tate Gallery to be sold in the exhibition shop during their summer Hepworth exhibition. As a consequence, it has been a year of hard work and incredibly long hours.
This is partly HD related. Maximise the opportunities! I am either outside the boundaries of average age of onset, or approaching it, depending on the measure (45 or 50 years old), I will be 47 in April. I am not special. The symptoms are not going to hold off just because my name is David Worsley. One of the difficulties of the disease is that both the symptoms and the age at which the symptoms begin are unpredictable. They are certain to happen but I don’t know when they will start. It is an incredibly hard thing to live with – and seems to be getting harder. I am someone who tries to find the positive in every situation, even if that optimism is misplaced. With this I am really struggling. An HD veil gets cast over everything. There is no reason at all why the symptoms shouldn’t begin tomorrow/today, or they could begin next year, in two years’, five years’ time. It will be a miracle, though, if I am still making pots in ten years’.
But, in the midst of these long hours, my work/life balance has disappeared and I regret this deeply. It is impossible to properly give yourself, as a partner and a father, with the balance that I have been keeping. I have been living a subsistence life, just getting by, just about doing enough. I could not have achieved any more. But this is not acceptable. My family is my heart. Having HD has an effect upon my time with the family, as well. It is incredibly precious time that we won’t get back.
My ambition for next year is to bring my work/life balance back to where it should be. The life of a maker is one of hard work and dedication, I don’t think there is another way, but it cannot and must not be all.
August 19, 2015 § Leave a comment
It is the summer holidays, currently, and the workshop schedule is, as a consequence, all over the place. My partner and I are topping-and-tailing the days with either Claire working during the day or us both spending time with the kids and, then, me going to work during the evening. This has meant regular sessions through the night. I have just walked to the workshop now (8pm) having spent a lovely day with the family, which included a trip into Bradford.
When walking into work, I like to listen to something and discovered Radio 3 podcasts a while ago. In the last couple of days, I have found Composers’ Rooms. We have really enjoyed watching What Do Artists Do All Day on BBC4 and Composers’ Rooms is a radio version for composers. I love them; they are utterly fascinating. I downloaded a couple to listen to on the way to the workshop this evening and instead of settling down at my wheel, which was my intention, I felt I had to write a blog post first.
Gavin Bryars’ Lauda 13
I listened to the interviews with James Macmillan and Gavin Bryars – they are about 13 minutes each. I found them both to be hugely inspirational and affirming regarding the creative process. As I was listening, I was struck, more than that, I was overwhelmed, by their deep humanity. They were discussing the creative act itself, the point of turning something from an idea into a tangible (audible) thing, something abstract into something concrete. It drove home to me how important this is to our collective soul. Our society needs to make things, with our hands, in the material word. Gavin Bryars talks about how he likes to compose with a pencil on paper, so that when he makes changes, when he rubs out a note, a trace remains. Sara Mohr-Pietsch, who interviews him, believes this layering process to be evident in Bryars’ music.
We wonder why as makers we should make things – the evidence shouts out of these interviews. The act of creation, whichever form, touches the very core of our being and speaks to us directly and personally. It emanates from our mind and flows out through the tips of our fingers straight to the person who uses, listens, holds. It is that act, the cusp of being and non-being, the revelation in the world – the fallibility of that moment – that carries with it the essence, the beauty of life. We need that moment, we need that connection, we need that mystery for the well-being of that collective soul.
So, on with those plates and mugs…
June 29, 2015 § Leave a comment
Earlier this week, Monday, my partner, Claire, and I went on an overnight stay to London. Amongst a few things we wanted to do on the trip was visit the Agnes Martin exhibition, which is currently on at Tate Modern. We have both known of Agnes Martin for sometime, knowing a little of her painting and being especially taken with her writing.
It takes a great deal of application to make a composition that is totally acceptable. Beethoven’s symphonies with every note composed represent a titanic human effort. To progress in life you must give up things that you do not like. Give up doing things that you do not like to do. You must find things that you do like. Things that are acceptable to your mind. You can see that you will have to have time to yourself to find out what appeals to your mind. While you go along with others you are not really living your life. To rebel against others is just as futile. You must find your way. Happiness is being on the beam with life – to feel the pull of life.
We have, though, been surprised that so few of our friends and acquaintances have heard of her. This under-the-radar profile is mentioned in texts we have read about Martin and the exhibition, and is something that the show is, apparently, hoping to remedy.
I am convinced that the curators will succeed in this endeavour. Going round the Martin exhibition is a profoundly moving and visceral experience. Twice before in recent years, Claire and I have been similarly affected. There was the Rothko exhibition, also at Tate Modern, and the Richard Serra, at the Gagosian Gallery. Each of these three shows affected us in some elemental way. They challenged our sense of ourselves as human beings. I had seen a couple of Rothkos and, of course, the posters are everywhere. But I was not prepared to be surrounded by the paintings and to experience them room after room. I had gone to the show reluctantly and without any expectation. I was utterly confounded.
Richard Serra I know a lot more about. I studied sculpture and was influenced by his work, and his films, like ‘hand catching lead’ from 1968. His work is masculine and monumental, often massive in scale. But it is the details that are also so powerful. The surfaces of the sculptures, the textures, the colours – the colours in the work called ‘Ramble’ (see image below), from 2014, were just stunning. Each inch of each of these huge steel structures was covered in the most beautiful, vivid array of colours, which must all be the product of the sculpture’s making – from cutting or burnishing or grinding. My favourite was a steely-magenta blue – the colour of a placenta. And the edges of each piece of steel, which at first seem so straight and true are, on closer examination, rough and jagged and altered. These works get you right in the gut.
The paintings by Agnes Martin are so different to the works of both Rothko and Serra, and yet the effect is just the same. For most of her working life, for some three decades, she painted within a square canvas of 72 inches by 72 inches. On each and every canvas she drew across the surface soft pencil lines marking out a grid, or series of columns or rows, within which she painted washes of colour. She didn’t deviate from these self-imposed limits. Each room in the exhibition was hung with paintings of the same size and framed in the same narrow steel frames. At first glance, the surface of the paintings hardly varied, nor between paintings; yet, when you got up close, the variations were infinite. The soft, hand-drawn pencil lines contain all the motion of her hand, subtly altering weight and direction. The washes of colour are at times thinly applied and at others built up in layers. The edges abut the pencil lines or the edges of the canvas, or don’t quite, coming up short, or break right through. Some of the grids are made up of tiny dots, some of the rows or columns wider.
What was so profoundly moving about the exhibition was that I felt the presence of Agnes Martin so strongly at each painting, in each room. She fills the negative space. You could feel the time taken to complete the works, the fact that she had to return again and again, alone, to each work. She had to stand before each canvas for hours, days, with the same limits in front of her – the same lines, the same grids, the same colours. It is almost monastic. She goes to the well time after time. I found it achingly profound. Each time she went back to the well she drew deeper and deeper.
I feel some resonance between the canvas and the wheel-head. The hours spent at the wheel, pulling the same walls, forming the same shapes. Living a vertical life, drawing deeper and deeper.
May 11, 2015 § 3 Comments
Inspiration for this blog usually comes from books I have been reading. Lately, I have been reading a clutch of books about various aspects of our relationship to the natural world – books by Richard Mabey, Roger Deakin and Robert Macfarlane. I have written about Robert Macfarlane in a previous post (after reading the wonderful The Old Ways) and was given his newly published Landmarks for my birthday a few weeks ago. It is another remarkable book – it concerns language, the language of nature and the language of writing. It speaks of language’s power to ‘shape our sense of place’ and ‘is a field guide to the literature I love’. It is also ‘a word-hoard of the astonishing lexis for landscape the exists in the comprision of islands, rivers, strands, fells, lochs, cities, towns, corries, hedgerows, fields, and edgelands uneasily known as the British Isles’. Each chapter covers an aspect of the natural world (mountain, hunting, northlands…) and at the end of each is a glossary of words relating to that subject – landscape, nature or weather – taken from dozens of dialects and languages, that Macfarlane has collected over decades. While reading them, I thought it would be great to do an equivalent glossary for pottery.
But I wanted this post to be about a quote from the chapter called The Living Mountain, a chapter devoted (truly devotional) to Nan Shepherd and her book The Living Mountain. Macfarlane states that Shepherd’s writing has much in common with Merleau-Ponty’s thoughts on phenomenology laid out in his book Phenomenology of Perception, which was published contemporaneously with Shepherd’s. According to Shepherd and Merleau-Ponty, we know the world bodily, we understand it through our physical experiencing of it. ‘One is not bodiless, but essential body’. The section I wanted to quote was this:
‘The hands have an infinity of pleasure in them. The feel of things, textures, surfaces, rough things like cones and bark, smooth things like stalks and feathers and pebbles rounded by water, the teasing of gossamers…the scratchiness of lichen, the warmth of the sun, the sting of hail, the blunt blow of tumbling water, the flow of wind – nothing that I can touch or that touches me but has its own identity for the hand as much as the eye.’
Touch, the hand, is fundamental to making anything – I have often said that one of the central aspects of a handmade object is the fact that it is a conduit between the hands of the maker and that of the user – a handmade object cannot be understood without the sensation of touch. Touch makes an object present, real, knowable. And its absence, its lack, is a place of mourning. I have become acutely aware of touch as I have got to know my material, clay. I am acutely aware of its absence, too. It was that which I felt most keenly, and still feel, on the death of my brother. I will not again know his physicality, the strength of his body, his skin under my fingers.
Touch, and the lack of it, defines our place in the world.
April 20, 2015 § 5 Comments
Fine art is all about the head, an intellectual engagement – it’s a non-contact sport. Craft, on the other hand, is all body, where touch is central. Art is an experience; craft a relationship, and it means nothing without the utility. Tailoring, carpentry, jewellery, pottery – it’s all the same. The relationship is borne out in the ritual of use within the domestic setting.
This domesticity is important to me as a maker of functional ware. The moments when I am at my most glad are when we, as a family, surround the kitchen table on a Saturday or a Sunday lunch or tea-time. There is much noise and laughter, and, when the girls are on form, plentiful singing. Or quiet days when it is just my partner and I, and our youngest, pottering about the kitchen, doing separate things together – making chutney, drawing, tidying. These are glad times, too; some of our favourite. Since I started making pottery, my pots have increasingly been a part of these occasions.
The catalyst for using my pottery in our kitchen was my partner – I would have been/was much more reluctant – but from very early on she encouraged them to be used in the house. As you can imagine, I had just started to throw, so the pots were crude to say the least. It was a bold move on her part. It was, though, one of the most supportive things she could have done. It gave me first-hand experience of the objects in use. This is a simple and obvious thing but in the daily use you get a feel for how the aesthetics actually work. It is not, cannot be, a beautiful object if it doesn’t function well. The beauty or elegance is only there when these elements dovetail into one another. So, there are pots in the house that I stay well clear of and others that I gravitate towards. And it gives me enormous encouragement when the table is laid, primarily with Dove Street Pottery ware, the piano is being played, food is brought over and the family dives in…
March 30, 2015 § Leave a comment
Recently, I was very fortunate in having the photographer Paul Crowther come and take some photographs in the workshop. He was a lovely man and took some great shots, for which I am extremely grateful. Here is a selection below:
February 23, 2015 § 3 Comments
There seems to be a resurgence of interest in craftsmanship at the moment – and particularly process. Recently, I have had quite a lot of correspondence with shops, galleries and students all interested in the work that goes on in the workshop. One such exhibition I am taking part in in March, called Craft Industrialism (Sunday 22nd – Wednesday 25th March), is curated around the process of craftsmanship and the maker’s creative process.
The other day, I was asked why someone should/would spend £28 on one of my bowls when they could buy one for £4 from Asda. It was a question seriously asked and we had a 15 minute conversation where I attempted to put across the ‘handmade’ argument. Unfortunately, I don’t think he will buying a set of bowls from me in the near or distant future. But it is a serious question. A wonderful book (thank you, Joseph), Potters on Pottery, contains a collection of essays/biographies on 16 potters who work in various styles. The text is based on interviews the authors did with the potters and is full of musings, recollections, anecdotes and thoughts about pottery. It is absolutely fascinating and I recommend it thoroughly. One of the potters is Barry Newman, who seems to have made some functional pieces but his output is/was (?) mainly sculptural. He says he is not a ‘rustic potter’. He says that ‘At ceramic symposiums, people start to talk about the iniquities of industry. They have all come by train or car, most of them watch television or go to the cinema. Except for pottery, their lives depend on industry. Yet, for some reason they make it the fall guy, the baddy. Maybe we deserve the fey reputation as a group, because we do rail against modern civilisation, while at the same time living in it.’
He goes on to say that craftsmanship is basically an ‘intellectual movement’. You become a potter today ‘like one is a painter or sculptor’ rather than because your father had done it. What differentiates a potter from an architect or a film director is that a potter works on his own. It is quite compelling and, I imagine, slaps a few of us round the head.
Peter Starkey salting (courtesy of www.studiopottery.co.uk)
One of the other potters profiled is Peter Starkey. He also wonders whether making pots by hand is ‘anachronistic’, when industry is making them more efficiently and at considerably less expense. He questions whether a maker is ‘some quirky flat-earther who refuses to relate to the reality of modern life’ or does he ‘really make a contribution, however small. to improving the quality of his own life or that of his customers’. Starkey’s heart resides with the latter. He believes that ‘industrial pots are often bereft of humanity and totally lacking in communication between maker and user’. ‘”So what?” asks the layman, “I just want something to drink from”. He may be right, who can say?’
I like Starkey’s attitude and his humility. When I talk about objects being made by hand, I also talk about the communication between maker and user, and the humanity associated with it. As part of my involvement in Craft Industrialism, I have to give a talk about my practice as a potter, which needs to include something on what I think about the future of craftsmanship. It is this humanity that Starkey talks of that I want to focus on, which I feel is the heart of it. The object, the pot, is the conduit between the maker and the user. It is made by and with the maker’s fingers, there is evidence all over the pot, and it is held and felt by the user’s fingers. There is a connectedness there and a humanity that is deeply needed.